Diabetes affects more than 4.7 million people in the UK, with thousands more being unaware that they might have the condition. If this isn’t managed properly, it can lead to severe conditions like Cardiovascular Disease, kidney failure or even blindness.
Type of Diabetes
There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes. There are however other types of diabetes including Gestational Diabetes and some rarer types of diabetes such as Type 3C and Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA).
Type 1 Diabetes
This is when your body’s pancreas can’t make a hormone called insulin. Insulin regulates the amount of sugar or ‘glucose’ in your blood and, without it, glucose builds up in your bloodstream.
The NHS has produced an online guide for adults with Type 1 diabetes, which includes information if you’re newly diagnosed, how to inject insulin and how to check your blood glucose levels.
DAFNE (Dose Adjustment For Normal Eating) is a structured education programme that gives you the skills you need to manage your Type 1 diabetes yourself, with minimal input from health professionals. The course includes advice on insulin dose adjustment, blood glucose and ketone monitoring, exercise and eating out.